The conventional methods of controlling excess weight sometimes fail and may, therefore, necessitate the rather unusual and dangerous process of weight loss surgery. Generally called bariatric surgery, its most common type is the gastric bypass. It affects some structural changes in the digestive system, restricting the amount of food that may be eaten or nutrient absorption.
The stomach is divided into two – the upper stomach, which is the smaller one, and the lower pouch is larger. Then a connection is established between the two with the small intestine. Doctors usually prefer the gastric bypass form of weight loss surgery because it is safer and leads to lesser complications compared to the other modes.
Surgery is not recommended
At this point, it has to be pointed out that weight loss surgery, gastric bypass inclusive, is not a safe thing and is not usually recommended. It often presents with some complications and side effects. It also requires a permanent and radically holistic change to the patient’s diet.
This process is only recommended in cases of morbid obesity, which is the physiological term for a BMI that is over 40. It is also employed in treating obesity in patients with comorbid ailments like hypertension, type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, and a Body Mass Index of 35. It is only resorted to when the patient has not been able to accomplish a reasonable level of weight loss.
A safer approach to weight loss surgery called laparoscopy has been developed, and it involves access limiting techniques. Numerous small slits or ports are made. A surgical telescope fitted with a camera is inserted, and this configuration allows for the use of sophisticated operating tools. The procession is monitored on a video screen by the surgeon.
The complications rate in weight loss surgery over the almost thirty days in which the patient is expected to stay in the hospital is between 7% for laparoscopy and 13.5% for operations involving open incisions. A lower level of mortality has also been recorded – 0% for laparoscopy over 30 days sampling 401 cases and 0.4% in 955 cases of open procedures.
Several side effects
Surgical experience on the part of the operating surgeon and some physiological conditions may also affect the occurrence of complications or death. Underlying conditions that may increase the associated risk include heart maladies are the level of obesity, diabetes mellitus, sleep apnea, and pulmonary embolism.
Common complications include hemorrhage, infections of the bladder and kidney, venous thromboembolism, obstruction of the bowel, and hernia. A combination of antibiotics use, proper respirational therapy, and encouragement to do something active a few hours after the surgery may help minimize the occurrence of infections.
Due to the reduced calorie intake occasioned by the reduction in stomach size and a synthesized general feeling of fullness, patients are not only advised to take more of proteins but rather to ensure that they are considered first before other things. An alternative is taking them in the form of powder or liquid smoothies applied to food.