How do Nuclear Power Plants Work?

The nuclear power plants are structures, of which the name speaks for itself, that transform the nuclear material in various types of energy. Many people are against the construction of such structures because they are aware of the damage they can cause.

The material suitable for the Demolition of the Nucleus (Nuclear) is known to all by the books of Chemistry. There are two chemical elements, in particular, Uranium and Plutonium that in the structure of the nucleus, a large number of Protons (+) Neutrons (0), and electrons (-), unlike many other chemical elements that we all know.

How energy is produced?

By destroying the nucleus of these atoms releases a large amount of energy, which is often used in exploding a nuclear bomb ( uncontrollable fission ) or by making small steps of energy, consuming a certain rhythm with the amount of nuclear material, it can get the energy (fission controlled).

How do Nuclear Power Plants Work?

The principle of operation of the nuclear power plant includes several steps during which the energy released by nuclear material comes to be transformed into electric energy.


To make a fission subsidiary of such materials, they are placed in so-called blocks or bars, which are placed inside the rooms – Reactors (the rooms are shaped closed box. The walls of such bars are made of a material that in the nucleus has an abundance of neutrons that shuts off the output radiation produced by uranium/plutonium outdoors, thus causing damage to the workers, etc..).

These bars are inserted inside the heart in which is emitted nuclear energy bombarding the bars with Neutron, which destroys the core of the nuclear material releasing others, which in turn do the same thing (The so-called chain reaction).

Kinetic Energy to Mechanical Energy

All this happens within the isolated rooms filled with water. In this closed circuit, the water heats up to steam and pushes alone and also with the aid of the hydraulic pumps up to the turbines that capture transform energy kinetic energy into mechanical motion that is passed to the generators of electric current.

This flow of boiling water arrives in speed and makes its impact on the blades of the generator, by turning, and causing in this way, the turn of the propellers of the generator which begins to generate the electric current.

Practically starting from the fission of the nucleus, manipulated by the control bars that emanate a controlled amount of protons towards the bars (nuclear energy), doing all of this within the circuits of water (thermal energy per contact) and the moment of the circuit d ‘ Water pressure (kinetic energy) that strikes the turbine blades (mechanical energy) that generate a rotation axis (mechanical energy) which are then part internal (rotor) of the generators of electrical energy through the turn of the windings within the fields magnetic generate electricity.

During all these steps, it is given off an amount of energy, a part of which is perceived and concentrated. In contrast, a part of the energy is transformed into other types of energy (not lost), which is not recovered (sound energy, light energy, thermal energy for that contact is dispersed in the environment). Read this awesome article on Expensive energy.