Be fascinated with Cavite’s eco-treasures such as mystical caves, superb mountains and refreshing falls which are the main reasons why more and more tourists are coming back for their holiday at Cavite.
Natural wonders in Cavite are mostly found in the upland areas such as Tagaytay Ridge, Cabag Cave in Maragondon, Balite Falls in Amadeo, Malibiclibic Falls in General Aguinaldo-Magallanes border and Mts. Palay-Palay and Mataas na Gulod National Park in Ternate and Maragondon.
Before we jump into these beautiful attractions let us first have brief info about the historical province of Cavite.
- 1 Brief History of Cavite
- 2 Historical Sites
- 3 Cultural Rituals
- 4 Natural Attractions
- 5 Museums
- 6 Dine and Stay in Cavite
Brief History of Cavite
Colonizers arriving in the late 16 th century saw an unusual tongue of land thrust into Manila Bay and saw its value as the main staging ground from where they could launch their bulky galleons. Formed in the shape of a hook, which in Tagalog is called kawit , it became the most important port linking the colony to the outside world.
What is now Cavite City was once a mooring place for Chinese junks trading that came to trade with the settlements around Manila Bay. In 1571, Spanish colonizers founded the port and city of Cavite and fortified the settlement as the first line of defense for the city of Manila. Galleons were built and fitted at the port and many Chinese merchants settled in the communities of Bacoor and Kawit, opposite the Spanish city to trade silks, porcelain, and other Oriental goods. The vibrant mix of traders, Spanish seamen, and local residents gave rise to the use of pidgin Spanish called chabacano.
In 1614, the politico-military jurisdiction of Cavite was established covering all the present territory except for the town of Maragondon, which used to belong to the corregimiento of Mariveles. Maragondon was ceded to Cavite in 1754. Within Maragondon was a settlement established in 1663 for Christian exiles from Ternate, Mollucas.
Owing to its military importance, Cavite was attacked by foreigners in their quest to conquer Manila and the Philippines. The Dutch made a surprise attack on the city in 1647, founding the port incessantly, but were repulsed. In 1672, the British occupied the port during their two-year interregnum in the Philippines. American forces attacked the Spanish squadron in Cavite. The Spanish defeat marked the end of Spanish rule in the country.
Missionary orders acquired and enlarged vast haciendas in Cavite during the 18 th and 19 th century. These haciendas became the source of bitter agrarian conflicts between the friar orders and Filipino farmers and pushed a number of Cavitenos to live as outlaws. This opposition to the friar orders was an important factor that drove many Cavite residents to support reform, and later, independence.
In 1872, a mutiny by disgruntled navy men in Cavite led to a large-scale crackdown on reformers and liberals. Three Filipino priests – Jose Burgos, Mariano Gomez and Jacinto Zamora- were executed and dozens others sent into exile. In 1896, after the outbreak of the Philippine Revolution, Cavite took center stage as thousands of Katipuneros liberated most of the province’s towns.
On August 26, 1896, when the Philippine revolution against Spain broke out, Cavite became a bloody theatre war. Led by Emilio Aguinaldo, Cavitenos made surprise attacks on the Spanish headquarters and soon liberated the whole province.
Emilio Aguinaldo, the first Philippine president came from the town of Kawit and directed the conduct of the Revolution from his base in the province. He agreed to go into exile in December 1897, but returned to the Philippines in May 1898. On June 12, he declared Philippine independence from the balcony of his home in Kawit.
The Americans established civil government in the province in 1901. The naval station in Sangley Point became the chief American naval base in the country.
The Japanese targeted the naval base during the first wave of attacks on military installations in the Philippines.
Cavite and its people, what they are today, and what will be tomorrow will remain their infinity, as a place with a glorious history, and a people fortified with the strength to live and die for a worthy cause.
General Emilio Aguinaldo Shrine (Kawit) It was in this Aguinaldo ancestral home where Gen.Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed Philippine Independence from Spain on June 12, 1898. It was also here where the Philippine Flag made by Marcella Agoncillo in Hongkong was officially hoisted for the first time, and the Philippine National Anthem composed by Julian Felipe was played by Banda Malabon. Measuring 1,324 sq. m. with a five-story tower, this building is actually a mansion renaissance architecture, combining baroque, romanesque, and Malayan influences. It stands on a sprawling ground of 4,864 sq.m. Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo himself donated the mansion and the lot to the Philippine Government on June 12, 1963, “to perpetuate the spirit of the Philippine Revolution of 1896 that put an end to the Spanish colonization of the country”. And by virtue of Republic Act No. 4039 dated June 18, 1964, issued by then-President Diosdado Macapagal, the Aguinaldo Mansion was declared national shrine.
Battle of Binakayan Monument (Kawit ) The site where the furious battle between the Spaniards and the Filipino soldiers that happened on Nov. 9-11, 1896 depicting one of the shining moments of the Philippine struggle for independence.
General Baldomero Aguinaldo Shrine (Kawit) This is the residence of Gen. Baldomero Aguinaldo, Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo’s first cousin, and right hand. He was the president of the Magdalo Council which was established in Imus, & the first President of the Association de Los Veteranos de la Revolucion Filipina. He died on February 14, 1915
General. Candido Tirona Monument (Kawit) Built in honor of Gen. Candido Tria (Tirona, the first revolutionary Captain Municipal in the )Philippines. He is one of the “Heroes of Binakayan Battle” that took place on November 9-11, 1896 in which the Spanish forces under the overall command of Governor and Capt. General Ramon Blanco was decisively defeated.
Belfry of Recoletos Church (Cavite City) There were eight churches in the walled city. But because of the vagaries of time and war, not one remains today. Only the belfry of the Recoletos stands as a mute witness to the piety of the early Caviteños.
Cañacao Bay (Cavite City) Best viewed from Paseo de Barangay at the back of the City Hall, the Bay was port to both the Spanish galleons and the Pan Am Clipper seaplanes. The Skyline of Manila is visible when looking at the mouth of the bay.
Cavite City Millenium Capsule Marker (Cavite City) Significant events, great personalities, trivia, etc. happened, transpired and emerged in Cavite City which influenced in small or great measure the history and transformation of not only Cavite City but the whole country as well. These legacies are preserved and immortalized for all times in a capsule in order for the future generation to know.
Cavite City Hall (Cavite City) Located in pre- World War ll site of Dreamland Cabaret and the “Pantalan de Yangco,” this imposing building sits on one end of the City Park. Paseo de Barangay is located at the back of City Hall.
Corregidor Island (Cavite City) The largest of five islands guarding the entrance of Manila Bay, a tadpole-shaped Corregidor was once a mere fishing village with a lighthouse and signal station for all ships entering and leaving Manila Bay. American colonizers built full-scale fortifications on the island, complete with long-range tractor guns, anti-aircraft guns, tunnels an underground command center and a hospital for wounded soldiers. In the last Pacific War, Corregidor became a vital combat zone between the Japanese Imperial Army and the allied forces.It was the last stronghold to fall in the hands of the enemy. Today, memorials to peace and to those who died stand alongside the silent cannons and rusting artillery. The island is now a favorite tourist destination with a first-class hotel and resort facilities.
Don Ladislao Diwa Shrine (Cavite City) Don Ladislao Diwa is well remembered as the co-founder of the KKK (Kataastaasang, Kagalanggalangan, Katipunan). The National Historical Institute(NHI) declared his ancestral home as a national shrine. On November 30,l996, his mortal remains were transferred to the Ladislao Diwa Mausoleum on the grounds of the Shrine.
Fort San Felipe (Cavite City) Located at the compound of Phil.
Navy, this 16th-century fort is dedicated to San Felipe Neri. The place where the Cavite Mutiny 1872 occurred. It is also when Filipino workers were implicated in the armed uprising against the Spaniards. This is also the place where the thirteen Martyrs of Cavite were executed. Located at the top of this wall is Phil. Navy Museum where miniature of Phil. Naval vessels and other memorabilia are placed.
Julian Felipe Monument (Cavite City) A monument stands proud for a great son of a Caviteño, the composer of the Philippine National Anthem – Professor Julian Felipe. At present, the Filipino lyrics of the stirring composition of Don Julian Felipe was supplied by Jose Palma. January 28, the birth anniversary of Professor Felipe was declared Special Public Holiday in the City of Cavite by virtue of the Republic Act 7805 approved on July 26, 1993.
Muralla(Cavite City) This well-lighted bayfront offers promenades cool breezes during balmy nights. The view of Bacoor Bay shows the tower of the Aguinaldo Mansion as well as the many oyster beds that dot the bay. This area was once called the isthmus of Rosario and at one time featured a drawbridge.
Old Spanish Slipway (Cavite City) Built-in 1874, this is where galleons were built.
The old steam boiler and other equipment are still operational.
Sangley Point (Cavite City) This was used by the Chinese pirate Limahong in 1574 as his refuge when he ran away after a failed attempt to take Manila. Sangley Point was also used as a military base by the American and Japanese troops. It is now occupied by the Philippine Navy for ship repair & dry docking.
Sunset View (Cavite City) By the checkpoint of Cavite City, the view offers the mountain of Bataan, the island of Corregidor, the outline of Mt. Buntis and, of course at the end of the day, the world-famous Manila Bay Sunset.
Thirteen (Xlll) Martyrs Centennial Plaza (Cavite City) Built-in 1906 to honor Cavite’s revered martyrs. The remains of six of the martyrs are still interred in the monument. Through the assistance of the Department of Tourism, the former monument was transformed into a Centennial Plaza after the celebration of its 100th year anniversary. It is designed to present the picture of their struggle, trial, and execution.
Zapote Bridge (Bacoor) The site where the bloody battle between the revolutionaries under Gen.
- Emilio Aguinaldo and Spaniards took place on February 27, 1897.
- The Cuenca Residence “Bahay na Tisa” (Bacoor) The seat of the Revolutionary Government under Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo.
- Calero Bridge (Noveleta) It was here where one of the fierce and bloody fights between Filipino and Spanish forces took place.
- Noveleta Tribunal or Townhall (Noveleta) The place where Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo wrestled with two guardia civils on duty on August 31.1896.
Battle of Alapan Marker and Flag (Imus) The battle site is within the compound of Alapan Elementary School in Imus. Highlighted by a 90-foot tall flag pole, the marker features the statue of a woman called “Inang Bayan” standing on three large rocks and holding up the Philippine Flag proudly waving. The monument commemorates the event when the Philippine Flag was first unfurled by Filipino revolutionaries after the victorious battle in Alapan.
Imus Cathedral (Originally part of Cavite El Viejo) (Imus) Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo’s revolutionary army laid siege on the Imus Church (now Cathedral) to capture the friars but found to have fled to the recollect Estate House after the capture of the Tribunal of Kawit on August 31, 1896.
Isabel Bridge (Palico, Imus) A concrete arch bridge with a marker, signifies the battle that took place during the Philippine -Spanish war.
Julian Bridge Boundary of Bayan Luma & Bucandala (Imus) A concrete structures with an old battered cannon and bullets where the bloodiest battle against the Spanish conquerors took place in 1899.
Pasong Santol MarkerBarangay Anabu II (Imus) The marker was constructed to commemorate the battle against Spanish forces in 1897.
Dasmariñas Catholic Church (Dasmariñas) Inside this church, now renovated, hundreds of Filipino families were killed by Spaniards during the Lachambre offensive to recover lost territory in late August 1897.
Santa Cruz de Malabon Church (Tanza) This is where, before a huge crucifix, Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo took his oath of office as the elected president of the revolutionary government.
Andres Bonifacio HouseGen (Trias) This antique house was once the residence of Andres Bonifacio, founder of the secret revolutionary society called “Katipunan” and one of the architects of the Philippine Revolution. Although renovated several times, the original design of this Spanish-style house with its façade of red brick and adobe has been retained.
Gen. Trias Municipal Town and Old Church (Poblacion, Trias) The site of one of the uprisings in Cavite. It was in its old church where the senior band members rehearsed the national anthem, Marcha Filipina before it was played during the declaration of the Philippine Independence on June 12, 1898.
Tejeros Convention Site (Bgy. Tejero, Rosario) This was the place where the Filipino Revolutionaries held their 115th convention on March 22, 1897, and approved the establishment of a Revolutionary Government headed by Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo
Bonifacio Shrine in Lisbon (Bgy. Lisbon, Indang) It was on this site, in the small barrio of Lisbon, Indang where Ciriaco Bonifacio was killed and Andres Bonifacio was captured and wounded.
Gat Andres Bonifacio Marker in Indang (Poblacion, Indang) A marker was erected, near the municipal town hall of Indang, at the site where Bonifacio was jailed prior to his execution in Maragondon.
Bonifacio Trial House (Poblacion, Maragondon) The house where Bonifacio and his brother were court-martialed and were sentenced to die by musketry.
Gat Andres Bonifacio Memorial Shrine (Mt. Nagpatong, Maragondon) Site of the execution of Andres & Procopio Bonifacio on May 10, 1897.
Riego de Dios Ancestral House (Maragondon) Old structure reminiscent of the houses during the Spanish Period, this house belongs to the illustrious Riego de Dios clan of Maragondon.
Don Vicente Somoza House (Maragondon) A wealthy Chine Mestizo who also assisted the Revolutionary Government of Pres. Emilio Aguinaldo. He is better known as “One of the founders of the Filipino Chamber of Commerce & Representative of Mati (Davao) in Malolos Congress.
Recollect Estate House in Naic (Poblacion, Naic) Located near the the Catholic Church, this is where Bonifacio and his followers entered into the Naik Military Agreement in which they form an army corps headed by Gen. Pio del Pilar, one of the bravest Generals in the Battle of Binakayan.
The Battle of Naik Site (Poblacion, Naic) The place where Aguinaldo’s Forces decided to defend and make their last stand in Naik Church and made their compact. Signs of Spanish cannonballs may still be found on the façade and sides of the church.
41st Division USAFFE Marker (Kaybagal South, Tagaytay City) Tagaytay was a strategic site during World War II. Filipino soldiers found refuge in its vast forests and ridges. It was used as a landing site and sanctuary for paratroopers on their way to the Liberation of Manila.
11th Airborn Division Marker (Tagaytay City) A marker at the Silang-Tagaytay Crossing commemorates events on February 3, 1945, when the 11th Airborne Division of Lt. Gen. William Krueger of the U.S. Army air-dropped military supplies and personnel on Tagaytay Ridge.
Marcas Dance Location: Ternate A war dance that has become a custom in the town of Ternate.
Karakol Dance Location: Common in Coastal Towns A street dancing with their patron saint being paraded on the streets followed by a fluvial procession.
Sang Hyang/Sayaw sa Apoy Location: Indang & Alfonso A pre-colonial ritual celebrated by firewalkers of Indang and Alfonso. It combines elements of folk religion, magic, and Christian faith. It is a gesture of thanksgiving and a rite to cure the sick. People conducted “Sanghiyang” rituals as an offering to Bathala for a bountiful harvest, a thanksgiving for recovery from illness, or deliverance from death. The ritual is believed to have started from Naic long before the arrival of the Spaniards and the friars suppressed its observance. The people learned to incorporate the same Catholic elements into the rituals and the majority of the spirits invoked are presumed, Christian saints.
Live Via Crucis or Kalbaryo ni Hesus Location: Cavite City A cultural tradition which is being done during Holy Week. This tradition which started in Cavite City was staged for the first time on Holy Tuesday of 1974. It was in response to the challenge of the late parish priest, Msgr. Baraquiel E. Mojica of San Roque, Cavite City to create a venue for a more meaningful celebration of the Holy Week.
Tagaytay Ridge (Tagaytay City)
Tagaytay City is known as the country’s second summer capital next to Baguio. Its famous Tagaytay Ridge is actually part of the crater of an ancient volcano that collapsed years ago. Within this collapsed volcano are the Taal Lake and Taal Volcano – renowned as the smallest in the world. The Ridge offers a panoramic vista of this natural wonder, as well as picnic spots, accommodations and other recreational facilities.
Cabag Cave (Maragondon)
The cave with an underground river that runs 50 meters inward is found amidst lush foliage at the foot of a steep slope. A brook forms a small pool at the mouth of the cave.
Matala Cave (Limbon, Indang) Good site for an exploratory excursion
Palsahingin Falls (Kaytapos, Indang) A 50-ft tall gushing water into a dome-like river. Four chamber caves with stone formations are visible within the falls, three-meter stretch from the entrance.
Mts. Palay Palay and Mataas Na Gulod (National Park) The lone National Park declared under the National Integrated Protected Areas (NIPAS) Law is located in Ternate & Maragondon. The park covers three (3) peaks, namely Pico de Loro, Mt. Palay Palay and Mt. Mataas Na Gulod. The park is noted for its indigenous and rare species of flora and fauna.
Pico de Loro (Maragondon) Highest Peak in Cavite. Has the shape of a sleeping beauty.
Piitan Cave (Daine, Indang) Good site for exploratory excursion and camping.
Sitio Buhay Unclassified Forest (San Agustin, Magallanes) This forest has natural features such as deep ravines, springs, and various flora and fauna species.
Balite Falls (Amadeo) Two falls could actually be seen in the area, one of which flows naturally gushing strong clear water while the other one is outfitted with pipes and bamboo tubes to aid the flow of water with a deep part for adults and a shallow part for children
Malibiclibic Falls (Lumipa, Aguinaldo, Cavite) A valley borders of Malibiclibic Falls, where boulders cut across the middle of the gushing river waters cascading from the falls. Other rivers flow nearer the falls large pond which could be viewed from atop one of the border hills of the valley. A large pool of water forms of the base of the falls while coconut trees, shrubs and another greenery flank both sides.
Tim began River (Boundary of Lumipa & Kaypaaba, Gen. Aguinaldo) With overflow bridge that serves as a dike to impound water at the upstream of river sufficient for swimming.
Flower, Vegetable and Coffee Farms (Upland Cavite) Along the windy slopes of the Tagaytay Ridge are greenhouse grown picture-pretty flowers and ornamental plants. The cool climate & rich soils of Alfonso, Amadeo and Silang like Tagaytay nurture many floral varieties such as chrysanthemums, carnations, gerberas, roses & anthuriums. Crisp greens plum tomatoes and other vegetables also grow in abundance in the uplands.
Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo Shrine (Binakayan, Kawit)
A National Shrine, it was in this house where Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed Philippine Independence on June 12, 1898. The Shrine houses Gen. Aguinaldo’s memorabilia and depicts his patriotic ideals.
Gen. Baldomero Aguinaldo Museum (Binakayan,Kawit)
This was the residence of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo’s first cousin and right hand who became the president of the Magdalo Council which was established in Imus, Cavite.
Geronimo Berenguer de los Reyes,Jr. (GBR) Museum (Gen. Trias)
This unique collection housed at the 174-hectare industrial estate of real estate tycoon Geronimo de los Reyes, Jr. includes more than 3000 vintage paintings and photographs of the Philippines clocks, antique maps and imperial glass pieces from China and other vintage articles.
Fort San Felipe Museum or The Philippine Navy Museum (Cavite City)
This is located in Fort San Felipe, Cavite City where show models of Philippine naval vessels and other memorabilia are placed.
Andres Bonifacio House (Gen. Trias)
This antique house was once the residence of Andres Bonifacio, founder of the secret Revolutionary society called “Katipunan”, and one of the architects of the Philippine Revolution. The house has been renovated several times but its original design as a Spanish-style house with a façade of red bricks and adobe has been retained.
Imus Historical Museum (Imus)
Inside the museum is a series of moving tableaus, reliving historical scenes with realistic life-size figures set amidst historical scenes with realistic life-size figures set amidst painstakingly recreated settings
Museo de la Salle (De La Salle University-Dasmariñas) The lifestyle museum is dedicated to the preservation of 19th century Philippine ilustrado culture. The collection includes antique family heirlooms such as furniture, decorative objects, and examples of fine and applied arts displayed in faithfully recreated rooms.
Cavite City Library Museum (Cavite City) Has an exhibition of photographs of Cavite City’s heroes like the Xlll Martyrs, Julian Felipe, Ladislao Diwa and other prominent Caviteños. Likewise, exhibits of old photographs, memorabilia, relics of old furniture and household objects provide a glimpse of Cavite City up to the American occupation.
Dine and Stay in Cavite
- MANILA SOUTHWOODS MANOR Southwoods Avenue, Carmona, Cavite Tel.: (63 46) 430-0001 to 10 Fax: (63 46) 430-0011 or 28 www.manilasouthwoods.com Classification: First Class Hotel
- MICROTEL INN & SUITES – EAGLE RIDGE Eagle Ridge Golf & Country Club, Amadeo, Cavite Tel.: (63 46) 509-3333 email: email@example.com www.microtel-cavite.com Classification: Economy Class Hotel Rooms – 57
- SUMMIT RIDGE HOTEL Gen. AGuinaldo Highway, Maharlika West Tagaytay City Tel.: (63 46) 860-2913 (63 02) 240-6888 Classification: First Class Hotel
- TAAL VISTA HOTEL Km. 60 Gen Aguinaldo Highway Tagaytay City Tel.: (63 46) 413-1000 / 413-0593 (63 02) 887-6791 to 92 Fax : (63 46) 413-1225 www.taalvistahotel.com Classification: First Class Hotel
- DAYS HOTEL Silang Crossing East, Tagaytay City Tel.: (63 46) 413-2400 Classfication: Standard Class Hotel
- EMIRAMONA GARDEN HOTEL Maitim II East, Tagaytay City Tel.: (63 46) 413-4661 www.emiramonahotel.com
- HOTEL DOMINIQUE, INC. Km. 55 Gen. Aguinaldo Highway Maitim II East, Tagaytay City Tel.: (63 46) 860-2193 / 413-0531 email: firstname.lastname@example.org Classification: Standard Class Hotel
- HOTEL KIMBERLY Kaybagal North, Tagaytay City Tel.: (63 46) 483-8888 / 483-5210 Classification: Standard Class Hotel
- PHIL OASIS HOTEL & RESORTS Bgry. Biluso, Silang, Cavite Tel.: (63 46) 414-3202 to 03 Fax: (63 46) 414-3201 www.philoasis.com.kr Classification: Standard Class Hotel
- TAGAYTAY COUNTRY HOTEL Gen. Aguinaldo Highway, Tagaytay City Telefax: (63 46) 413-3310 email: email@example.com www.tagaytaycountryhotel.com Classification: Standard Class Hotel Rooms: 67
- THE LAKE HOTEL Gen. Aguinaldo Highway, Maharlika East Tagaytay City Tel.: (63 46) 413-4682 www.thelakehoteltagaytay.com Classification: Standard Class Hotel
- CHARACTER HOTEL Kaybagal South, Tagaytay City Tel.: (63 46) 413-4240 / 413-4250 email: firstname.lastname@example.org Classification: Economy Class Hotel
- KALIPAYAN RESORT INC. Km. 29, Salitran, Dasmariñas Tel.: (63 46) 416-1877 to 80 Classification: Standard Class Hotel Rooms: 21
- DISCOVER COUNTRY SUITE 300 Calamba Road, San Jose, Tagaytay City Tel.: (63 46) 413-4567 email@example.com www.discovercountrysuites.com Classification: Standard Class Hotel
Resorts in Cavite
- CAYLABNE BAY RESORT Ternate, Cavite Tel.: (63 46) 813-8538
- CIRCLE ISLAND RESORT Molino, Bacoor Tel.: (63 46) 484-5141
- ESTANCIA RESORT & HOTEL San Jose, Tagaytay City Tel.: (63 46) 413-1333 to 35 Fax : (63 46) 413-1047
- ISLAND COVE RESORT & LEISURE PARK Binakayan, Kawit, Cavite Tel.: (63 46) 434-0210 loc 320 Fax: (63 46) 434-5273
- KALIPAYAN RESORT, INC. Km. 29, Salitran II, Dasmariñas, Cavite Tel.: (63 46) 416-2537 to 40 Fax: (63 46) 416-1878
- LA TRAVIESA Gen. Trias, Cavite Tel.: (63 46) 489-3449 to 50 (63 02) 800-0573
- MOUNT SEA FIESTA RESORT Bagbag, Rosario, Cavite Tel.: (63 46) 438-3888 / 438-3777
- VOLET’s RESORT Gen. Aguinaldo Highway, Burol Dasmariñas, Cavite Tel.: (63 46) 416-0790 / 973-0239
- WATER CAMP RESORT at Josephine’s Restaurant Panamitan, Kawit, Cavite Telefax: (63 46) 484-5703 email: firstname.lastname@example.org www.watercampresort.com
- Need more info about Cavite? Visit their official website @ http://www.cavite.gov.ph